Victor Sych, PhD, director of «KUHN-Ukraine»
This article certainly should begin with preparation technology of full mixed ration (FMR) and then talk about a technique that allows to mix feed. However, ferm managers now have an increasing number of practical questions about the criteria of selecting the feedmixers. They ask, which one to choose? Therefore, we decided to focus on the analysis of different types of mixers and the criteria for selecting a specific model for those who already know that he needed a mixer. And next time we’ll consider the features of the cattle physiology and the need to feed the FMR.
Vladimir Alekseychuk, director of development and sales in CIS LLC «Zapahromash»
Every year scientists and experts sought effective ways to increase milk production of cows. One of the most important innovations was the introduction of full mixed ration (FMR) for feeding cattle.
Maria Yaroshko, MA MBA, Associate NimATs
The effectiveness of dairy farms is significantly affected by the quality and cost of feed. The key element in balancing rations for cattle in energy and nutrients are concentrates — feed grains, the use of which depends on its quality, the method of harvesting and storage and therefore cost.
Sergei Volkov, Valery Lototsky, lecturers, Bilotserkivskiy NAU
One of the most important scientific and practical achievements of the past century was the invention, development and widespread introduction of long-term storage of semen and artificial insemination.
Natalia Chernyak, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences;
Oksana Goncharuk, researcher, Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics Naan
Now the farms appeared difficult problem of expanded reproduction of the herd because of changes that occur in its structure. These changes appear to increase the number of cows and reducing other age-sex groups of animals, especially repair youngstock.
Israel Flamenbaum, State of Israel, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Extension Service
Israel is located to the east of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel’s climate is considered subtropical and dry. The climate is characterized by moderately cool, rainy winters (November–March) and hot, dry summers (June–October) with no rainfall. Summer is warm and humid along the coast (daytime temperatures average 30 o C and the relative humidity is from 50 - 90 %), but hot and dry in the inland valleys and southern desert (daytime temperatures average above 40 o C and the relative humidity in between 20 and 40 %).
Vladislav Hanyeyev, Doctor of Veterinary Science
Bronchopneumonia in young animals is very common and is second only to gastrointestinal diseases. Almost every other animal is sick with it. Calves suffer all year round, and in hot climates often in June-August. Bronchopneumonia is the reason for the suspension of growth and development of young animals, increasing costs of feed and mortality.
April 17, Stavropol, a conference attended by the heads of dairy enterprises, leading industry experts and specialists of «DeLaval» - more than a hundred people from different regions of the Russian Federation and CIS countries — took place. On the one hand, the usual meeting, as milkmen are often gathering to share experiences, how in the present difficult conditions to remain competitive and to produce as much high-quality and cheap milk. On the other - the event was quite extraordinary. Perhaps the first time these questions were discussed in the light of one particular - milking without human intervention, with the help of robots.
Fedir Roshka, chief veterinarian at «Vitchyzna»
February 28-29, at V Ukrainian Dairy Congress the participants were able to visit our farm — «Vitchyzna» in Sumy. Then people asked a lot of questions about ketosis, retention of placenta, paresis, mastitis, fatty liver syndrome. That's what made me write this article and share our experience in one of the most important stages in the life of every cow — dry period.
Vladimir Kuzmich, product manager of LLC «Syngents, Limagrain Ukraine»;
Nikolai Romanenko, Manager of Regional Development Ltd. «Syngents, Limagrain Ukraine», candidate of agricultural Science
In the Old World the silage was begun to lay from late XIX century, but such crops as corn silage, did not yet exist. It appeared only in 70th of XX century. Although livestock in Europe is constantly decreasing, the areas sown with following maize remain stable. Silage corn is cultivated everywhere in Europe except highlands — above 900 m above sea level. Simple technology of its cultivation and storage — the main components of silage corn success.